Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. 47(2): 273-281 



Growth analysis of the Pacific sierra Scomberomorus sierra in Colima, México

Rubí A. Nava-Ortega1, Elaine Espino-Barr2, Manuel Gallardo-Cabello3, Arturo Garcia-Boa2, Marcos Puente-Gómez2 & Esther G. Cabral-Solís2

1Instituto Nacional de Pesca, Centro Regional de Investigación Pesquera-Bahía Banderas, Calle Tortuga 1, La Cruz de Huanacaxtle, Nayarit, C.P. 63732, México
2INAPESCA, CRIP-Manzanillo, Playa Ventanas s/n, Manzanillo, Colima. C.P. 28200, México
3Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. Ciudad Universitaria 3000, Col. Copilco, México, D.F. C.P. 04360, México

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The artisanal fishery of sierra Scomberomorus sierra along the coast of Colima represents 1% of the total catch. From January 2003 to March 2004 morphometric data of 972 organisms and otoliths of 464 specimens were obtained to determine age and growth. Growth study was carried out by two methods: length frequency analysis and study of sagittae and asterisci otoliths. Both methods identified 5 age groups. Growth parameters of von Bertalanffy’s equation were determined by Ford-Walford and Gulland methods and an iteration adjustment, both techniques showed a high determination coefficient, but the second was better between observed and calculated values according to the sum of squared error; the results obtained were: L¥ = 99.54 cm, K = 0.205, to= -0.060. Mean size for each age was: age 0 (less than one) = 1.22 cm, age 1 = 19.47 cm, age 2 = 34.33 cm, age 3 = 46.43 cm, age 4 = 56.29 cm and age 5 = 64.32 cm. Comparisons for this species were made with results from 20 years ago in the same area, using coincident curves test, showing a significant reduction in average length of each age; this may be caused by changes in the fishery or overexploitation, although growth parameters show the opposite trend. S. sierra has a lower L¥ in Manzanillo than in Mazatlan, which could be explained by climatic, latitudinal differences or due to population’s genetic variations. The allometric index from the weight-length relationship was isometric, 3.031 and longevity of 15 years.

Key words:  Length frequency distribution, sagittae, asterisci, von Bertalanffy, longevity