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ISSUE 2

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The phytoplankton communities in two eutrophic areas on the Alexandria coast, Egypt

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Variation of sterols and fatty acids as an adaptive response to changes in temperature, salinity and pH of a marine fungus Epicoccum nigrum isolated from the Patagonian Fjords

ARTICLE

Incorporating expert knowledge for development spatial modeling in assessing ecosystem services provided by coral reefs: A tool for decision-making

Authors

CORRESPONDING

Pedro C. Reyna-González

pedroreynaglez@gmail.com

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1

Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerías, Calle Independencia Nº 30, 2º Piso, Col. Centro, C.P. 94290, Boca del Río, Veracruz, México

Javier Bello-Pineda

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1

Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerías, Calle Independencia Nº 30, 2º Piso, Col. Centro, C.P. 94290, Boca del Río, Veracruz, México

Leonardo Ortíz-Lozano

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1

Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerías, Calle Independencia Nº 30, 2º Piso, Col. Centro, C.P. 94290, Boca del Río, Veracruz, México

Horacio Pérez-España

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1

Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerías, Calle Independencia Nº 30, 2º Piso, Col. Centro, C.P. 94290, Boca del Río, Veracruz, México

Patricia Arceo

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1

Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerías, Calle Independencia Nº 30, 2º Piso, Col. Centro, C.P. 94290, Boca del Río, Veracruz, México

Jorge Brenner

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The Nature Conservancy, Texas Program, 205 N. Carrizo St., Corpus Christi, Texas, 78401, United States of America

Abstract

Coral reefs provide coastal populations with valuable ecosystem services but few studies explore the spatial context in which those services are provided. This study presents a spatial modeling approach to assess ecosystem services provided by coral reefs. Our approach integrates spatial analysis tools and multi-criteria evaluation techniques to develop spatial models for assessing ecosystem services in the Parque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano (Veracruz Reef System National Park), incorporating local users´ knowledge. We compared the resulting models with both records of activities provided by park authorities, and information on distribution of fishing zones obtained from a workshop with fishermen. We found the models consistent with the actual uses within the system. This indicates that incorporating local users´ knowledge is useful in identifying, grouping, and evaluating ecosystem services in complex environments lacking hard data. This approach is an important contribution for the generation of zoning proposals and other management strategies in coral reef areas.

Key words

Coral reefs, spatial models, ecosystem services, decision making

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