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ARTÍCULO

Benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages as indicators of water quality applying a modified biotic index in a spatio-seasonal context in a coastal basin of Southern Chile

Autores

CORRESPONSAL

Luis Vargas-Chacoff

luis.vargas@uach.cl

1

1

Institute of Marine Science and Limnology, Universidad Austral de Chile, Independencia 641, Valdivia, Chile

Pablo Fierro

1

1

Institute of Marine Science and Limnology, Universidad Austral de Chile, Independencia 641, Valdivia, Chile

Carlos Bertrán

1

1

Institute of Marine Science and Limnology, Universidad Austral de Chile, Independencia 641, Valdivia, Chile

Maritza Mercado

2

2

Benthos, Laboratory of Aquatic Entomology, Ruta T-350, Km 12, Valdivia, Chile

Fernando Peña-Cortés

3

3

Territorial Planning Laboratory, Universidad Católica de Temuco, Manuel Montt 56, Temuco, Chile

Jaime Tapia

4

4

Institute of Chemistry and Natural Resources, Universidad de Talca, Avenida 2 Norte 685, Talca, Chile

Enrique Hauenstein

3

3

Territorial Planning Laboratory, Universidad Católica de Temuco, Manuel Montt 56, Temuco, Chile

Resumen

The water quality in a Southern Chile river was characterized using the Biotic Index in a spatio-seasonal context, to analyze the composition and distribution of benthic macroinvertebrates and their correlation with 14 physico-chemical parameters. Sampling was done over a year at 5 sampling stations in the basin of the Boroa River. A total of 77 taxa were recorded, with the most represented orders being the Ephemeroptera (43.30%), Diptera (24.16%) and Plecoptera (18.03%). The most abundant species were Meridialaris diguillinaNousia maculata(Ephemeroptera) and Limnoperla jaffueli (Plecoptera). According to the modified FBI (Family Biotic Index), the findings indicated excellent, very good and good water quality, the latter quality being registered principally in winter. Likewise, the physico-chemical parameters indicated exceptional water quality. These results suggested a low level of anthropogenic impact in the basin. Applying the modified Hilsenhoff Biotic Index based on macroinvertebrates, the influence of seasonality on water quality was evident.

Palabras clave

Seasonality, Chilean rivers

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